Quantum technologies, such as quantum computers and quantum communication devices, are being developed in large part by university research groups. Quantum science is frequently approached from a variety of perspectives at universities. Some people excel at theoretical quantum physics approaches. Some people excel at applying quantum science. Some are concerned with quantum physics education and outreach.
Some institutions combine all of these approaches to become quantum research powerhouses, particularly in quantum information science, and it’s well worth keeping an eye on them as the quantum era unfolds. The quantum powerhouses listed below are multi-dimensional quantum powerhouses who are building the quantum age through research, teaching, or service – or all three in some cases.
The Institute for Quantum Computing — University of Waterloo
While many colleges avoided giving quantum computing seminars like cat adoption agencies shunned Schrodinger family adoption applications, the University of Waterloo openly declares that it went all in. It was a wise decision.
Since its inception, the quantum computing powerhouse has employed over 296 researchers and published over 1,500 scientific articles.
One of the Institute for Quantum Computing’s strengths is how it blends academic research brilliance with a desire to commercialise the technology.
University of Oxford
The University of Oxford has a lengthy history with quantum mechanics. David Deutsch, a professor at the institution, was the first to describe a universal quantum computer in 1985. At the Universities of Oxford and York, the first operational pure state NMR quantum computer was shown. And the institution continues to be a global leader in quantum science. According to the university, quantum research is important because of its enormous potential. “Quantum computing has the potential to alter sectors of our life such as healthcare, banking, and security – and Oxford is leading the way in terms of theory, technology, and ethical innovation to ensure that its power benefits everyone.”
University of California Berkeley
Researchers from the colleges of Chemistry, Engineering, and Physical Sciences are working on fundamental issues in quantum algorithms, quantum cryptography, quantum information theory, quantum control, and the experimental realisation of quantum computers and quantum devices at the Berkeley Centre for Quantum Information and Computation.
MIT — Centre for Theoretical Physics
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a research powerhouse. It now has a significant presence in quantum computing and quantum information. The university’s theoretical physics expertise is currently being applied to quantum information and quantum computing, or QI/QC. MIT researchers study quantum algorithms and complexity, quantum information theory, measurement and control, and applications and links in addition to developing a quantum computer.
National University of Singapore and Nanyang Technological University — Centre for Quantum Technologies
The centre was established to bring together physicists, computer scientists, and engineers to conduct basic quantum physics research and develop quantum-based technology. Experts in this new field of quantum technologies are using what they’ve learned to improve computing, communications, and sensing.
The author is Tanisha Gupta.