Trends reshaping the Indian Fintech ecosystem

DQI Bureau
New Update

Indian Fintech ecosystem

The COVID-19 pandemic has been a transformative event, accelerating digital technology adoption across various sectors and reshaping lifestyles and business operations. It spurred financial inclusion - causing a significant rise in digital payments in tandem with the formal financial services industry's global expansion. Compared to 68% in 2017 and 51% in 2011, 76% of adults worldwide as of 2021 (immediately after the pandemic) had an account with a bank, other financial institution, or mobile money provider. (Source: World Bank) India, in particular, has witnessed a remarkable surge in digital transformation, driven by factors such as the development of digital infrastructure, the growth of the Unified Payments Interface (UPI), and the profound impact of the pandemic itself. 


It is well-projected that India will become one of the largest economies in the world in the next five years. The remarkable growth trajectory will be fueled by a confluence of factors, including the government's proactive initiatives, the proliferation of affordable smartphones and internet connectivity, and the growing demand for digital services.

Catalyst for digital transformation in India

One catalyst for this digital revolution has been the development of robust digital infrastructure. The government's initiatives, such as the Digital India program and the BharatNet project, have played a pivotal role in expanding internet connectivity and bridging the digital divide across the country. These efforts have empowered consumers and micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) to embrace digital technologies, facilitating access to online services, e-commerce platforms, and digital payments. The introduction of the Unified Payments Interface (UPI) has been a game-changer in the digital payments landscape. Launched in 2016, UPI has revolutionized the way Indians transact, offering a secure, convenient, and cost-effective payment method. By providing interoperability among banks and enabling seamless peer-to-peer and merchant transactions, UPI has played a crucial role in driving the adoption of digital payments across the country.


The COVID-19 pandemic has further accelerated the pace of digital transformation in India. As lockdowns and social distancing measures were implemented, consumers and businesses alike turned to digital platforms for essential services, e-commerce, remote work, and education. This shift has not only exposed the vast potential of digital technologies but also highlighted the need for robust digital infrastructure and innovative solutions. The pandemic has transformed lifestyles for consumers by introducing new norms such as remote work, online education, telemedicine, and virtual social interactions. The convenience and accessibility offered by digital platforms have become integral to daily routines, with many individuals embracing online shopping, entertainment streaming, and digital payments as part of their regular habits.

Growth of MSME’s

MSMEs, which form the backbone of India's economy, have also undergone a significant digital transformation. To remain competitive and resilient during the pandemic, many small businesses have embraced digital technologies, such as e-commerce platforms, digital marketing strategies, and online payment systems. This shift has enabled them to maintain operations and opened up new avenues for growth and expansion.


The rapid advancement of payment ecosystems, fueled by technology adoption and innovation, has fostered remarkable growth in digital payments. India has witnessed a proliferation of secure, innovative, and efficient digital payment systems, ranging from mobile wallets and UPI to contactless payments and QR code-based solutions. These advancements have enhanced convenience for consumers, facilitated financial inclusion, and contributed to the growth of the digital economy.

However, while the digital transformation in India has been impressive, challenges persist. Issues such as digital literacy, cybersecurity concerns, and the digital divide between urban and rural areas need to be addressed to ensure inclusive and sustainable growth. In conclusion, the COVID-19 pandemic has undoubtedly served as a catalyst for digital technology adoption among consumers and MSMEs in India. The country's digital economy is poised for remarkable growth, driven by factors such as the development of digital infrastructure, UPI's success, and the pandemic's far-reaching impact. As India continues to embrace digital transformation, it is crucial to address existing challenges and harness the full potential of these technologies to foster inclusive economic growth, enhance lifestyles, and drive innovation across various sectors.

Authored by Mr. Amit Nigam, Executive Director and COO, Bankit.