DQI Bureau
New Update

One are the days of PCL, DCM and ECI–the erstwhile heroes of the domestic

IT market have long vanished or been relegated to history books. Today’s

domestic market is run by MNCs. Look around at any of the IT segments in India

and the frontrunners are likely to be MNCs. Think servers and you think Sun,

IBM, Compaq and HP. Think printers, you have little option but to think HP,

Epson and Samsung. Think networking products and who can you think of but Cisco

and 3Com? Sure, there are some lone Indian rangers, for instance HCL Infosystems

in desktops and TVSE in impact printers, but even their numbers are fast

dwindling. This is a domestic scene that is nearly monopolized by MNCs.

Rank Company Revenue

(Rs crore)
Growth Domestic

2001-01 1999-00 20001-01 1999-00 %
1 4 Compaq India 1,945 1,146 70 Compaq, Digital
2 3 Tech Pacific 1,727 1,171 47 Tech Pach
3 1 Hewlett Packard

1,705 1,256 36 HP, HP ISO
4 2 IBM 1,662 1,182 41 IBM
5 5 Redington India 1,345 749 80 Redington India
6 7 Ingram Micro India* 930 486 91 Ingram Micro India*
7 6 Samsung Electronics India 881 501 76 Samsung Electronics India
8 9 Cisco 765 360 113 Cisco
9 8 Microsoft* 660 450 47 Microsoft*
10 11 Sun Microsystems* 518 253 105 Sun Microsystems*
11 10 Citicorp 427 284 51 I-flex and

Citicorp Overseas
12 12 Hughes Group 335 203 65 HSS, HECL
13 20 Enterasys Networks 268 119 125 Enterasys Networks
14 13 Oracle India* 252 195 29 Oracle India*
15 14 D-Link India 250 147 70 D-Link India
16 17 3Com* 210 140 50 3Com*
17 21 Nortel Networks 201 110 83 Nortel Networks
18 18 Liebert 188 105 78 Tata Liebert
19 16 SAP India 182 142 28 SAP India
20 New Acer* 177 0   Acer*

DQ estimates

And while this might sound xenophobic, the fact remains that this has

happened… it was literally destined to. It is technology that runs IT and

R&D that shapes its future. In both cases, MNCs have been miles ahead of

Indian companies. The same is true throughout the world, and there’s no reason

to have hoped that India would be spared this trend. However, its interesting to

note that of the top ten players in the hardware-driven IT market of 1984-85,

two still continue to be among the top players in the country–Wipro and HCL

Infosystems (then HCL-HP).

MNC flavor in Top 20


Last year, HP and IBM held the top rankings among MNCs. This year, there’s

been a bit of juggle that’s thrown up quite a different picture. Compaq,

powered by a super performance in servers and desktops, cruised and regained its

1998-99 number one slot. Channel giant Tech Pacific gained a notch to edge out

IBM from the second spot. Ousted number one HP was at No 3, followed by IBM. The

demand in the networking industry saw a rapid climb by Enterasys, up seven spots

to enter the Top 10 league. Given the strong and buoyant growth in the domestic

market, channel majors nudged their way into the overall Top 10 club, making it

a perfect 50:50 split between MNCs and home-grown IT majors.


Networking Vendors
Rank  Company Revenue (Rs crore)

1 Cisco 765
2 Enterasys Networks 268
3 D-Link India  250

Compaq had a great year. Along with subsidiary Digital Equipment, the company

notched up an increase of 70% in revenues to regain the top slot. Thanks to an

efficient channel rollout, Compaq also showed large gains in the desktop market,

overthrowing HCL to claim the number one position. Other major gains were in the

PC server market.


Tech Pacific, at number two, continued on its growth trajectory. With a

growth of 47%, the Tech Pacific engines have been consumables, media, CPUs and

motherboards. The business from these segments grew by a whopping 1,000%,

rocketing from a meager Rs 27 crore to over Rs 300 crore. Systems and networking

remained strong, growing by 48% and 41%, respectively, but peripherals showed a

flat line, up just 5% to Rs 594 crore.

Channeling growth

It wasn’t only Tech Pacific that danced to the growth tune. The other two

channel majors–Ingram Micro and Redington–also had a party. A key reason for

this resurgence by channel players was the increasing focus of vendors on a

strong channel set-up. Samsung is the best example–that’s an 18-employee

team managing revenues of Rs 881 crore at a productivity of Rs 48 crore! The

success factor–efficient channel management. Others, realizing the imperatives

of the market, moved into aggressive mode on channel network beef-up.


Another success story in the desktop segment has been Compaq. Its standing

today as the top vendor is thanks to its focus on building a huge channel

infrastructure. The company has built up an enviable 730-dealer network across

the country and the results are there in the numbers. Of course, the cascade

effect has helped channel players like Tech Pacific and Redington. The top three

channel players grew by 66%. Compare that with the growth figures should by

hardware vendors like IBM and Compaq, 57% year on year, and you know who laughed

loudest in 2000-01.

Cisco: The networking giant


Packaged Software Vendors
Rank Company Revenue 

(Rs crore)

1 Microsoft 660
2 Oracle 252
3 SAP 182

Among the top 20 MNCs, however, it’s been networking companies that were

the loudest. Cisco, as is wont, remained the undisputed networking king,

doubling its revenues and surging past nearest rival Enterasys Network. With a

growth of over 100%, Cisco maintained a stranglehold on the router market with

an 84% marketshare and a comfortable lead in the LAN switches market. Cisco was

a distant second in the RAS market after 3Com, but still ended up cornering

nearly a quarter of overall sales. Cisco’s quantum jump also saw its inclusion

in the Top 20 Companies’ list. On the other hand, Enterasys had a major chunk

of revenues coming from the LAN switches market.

Of the 20 MNC companies, the biggest group comprised of networking companies.

Packaged software


Any question leading to the leader of the pack would be a no-brainer–it is

Microsoft and the ubiquitous Windows all the way. With a growth of 42%,

Microsoft continued to hold over 80% of the office market. And do we need to

even talk about the Windows OS marketshare… and this in the face of piracy?

Another immediate winner for the company has been the fresh-from-the-oven .NET

strategy, and products like the SQL server, BizTalk server and Commerce server.

It is highly unlikely that any company would be able to shake Microsoft from its

perch as the badshah of packaged software.

Snapping at Microsoft’s heels is Oracle, with an increased focus on e-biz

and databases. Armed with a $50-million commitment from its parent, it promises

to hot up the action. SAP, meanwhile, slipped three rungs in MNC rankings–in

focus, it moved away from point solutions towards more comprehensive and

integrated solutions. SAP India is now getting favorable response to its e-business platform and the suite, which links CRM and SCM

initiatives of an organization with the ERP backbone.

A key target for all packaged software companies is the SME segment,

especially as corporates appear to have reached saturation point.


Systems: Sun kept shining

While packaged software vendors had a good year, system vendors also raked in

the moolah. The overall server market saw 76% value growth over the previous

year, with Sun making a killing in the last year. The ‘Dot in the Dot-com’

strategy paid off handsomely for the company, giving it the number one server

spot in the RISC space–and revenues of over Rs 373 crore. Among the top orders

bagged by Sun were those from financial institutions like HDFC Bank, ABN Amro

and Citibank. Some others came from ITC and Reliance. HP was the number two

player, with the value proposition coming from mid-range servers.

The bottomline


Systems Vendors



(Rs crore) 2000-01

Compaq 1,537.88
HP 852.00
IBM 758.00

At the end of all the numbers, its been a great year for IT MNCs in India.

Facing a slowdown and the resultant squeeze across the world, India emerged as a

sweet spot. And so we had a scenario where the same companies that were

retrenching employees worldwide continued to recruit heavily in India. As for

whether the party will continue into the next year, no one can tell. The only

clear signs are that the market is continuing to grow… and with it, will MNCs.