Some jobs in India may become obsolete, and may not exist in a few years time. Advancements in technology and automation may actually render some jobs in India less prevalent. If studies are to be quoted, the World Economic Forum (WEF) has estimated that the increased use of technology and automation is likely to displace 85 million jobs by 2025. While the ratio is 70 percent of humans are doing the job at present, and 30 percent is being done by machine, this ratio is expected to go to 50:50 in a few years.
How Automation Could be Threat to Jobs in India
Automation is ultimately expected to replace human jobs that involved repetitive, and routine tasks. Furthermore, automation also offers the following benefits:
Efficiency: Machines are capable of performing tasks more efficiently than humans, and automation technology can work 24/7 without breaks, whereas humans need rest and may make mistakes due to fatigue. Machines can also perform tasks with a higher degree of accuracy and precision than humans, thus reducing errors and waste.
Cost effective: Automation can be less expensive in the long run than hiring human workers. While the upfront costs of automation can be high, once the machines are set up, they require minimal ongoing costs.
Scalability: Automated systems can be scaled up or down quickly and easily to meet changing demands, while hiring and training human workers can be a slower process.
Jobs in India that are at Risk of Becoming Obsolete
While jobs that require critical thinking, creativity, and interpersonal skills will always be in demand, the following jobs in India may become less prevalent in the days to come:
- Telemarketers: The age of automation is already here, and with the rise of robocalls and artificial intelligence chatbots, the need for human telemarketers is dwindling. There are several contact centres that have already been replaced by automated calls.
- Travel agents: Online booking platforms such as Yatra, MakeMyTrip and Ixigo as well as do it yourself travel planning tools have made it easier for consumers to plan and book their own travel, reducing the need for travel agents.
- Data entry operators: Automation technology has made it possible for companies to automate data entry tasks, eliminating the need for human data entry clerks. Data entry automation refers to software-based solutions that can optimize data entry by eliminating or reducing manual processes.
- Postal services: Personnel involved in last mile delivery may not have jobs considering the fact that more people now rely on digital communication.