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Health at your Fingertips

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DQI Bureau
New Update

Imagine a breed of mobile phones that keep their owners healthy and well

informed about health related issues. Such a species of mobile phones does exist

in the Kozhikode (formerly Calicut) district of Kerela. Surprised? You might as

well be.

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The force behind making these mobiles and thus the citizens healthy is the

Doctors Project, called the Dr SMS project, which was flagged on March 29, 2008.

Kerala Chief Minister VS Achuthandan inaugurated the project on November 07,

2008. Dr A Jayathilak, district collector Kozhikode explains the benefits of

this service. During emergencies, timely attention is more important than

specialized attention given late and Dr SMS will help to find the nearest place

where such facilities are available, he says. This facility is available

round-the-clock.

The sole idea of the project is to enable people to use their mobile phones

to get information on health resources. The service, first of its kind in the

country, provides the users with a comprehensive list of medical facilities

available in their locality like hospitals having expertise in various medical

specialties (cardiology, orthopedics, etc). It can also list out the specialized

doctors in the area, for eg, ENT specialists.

The facility is now fully operational in Kozhikode. To avail the facility all

that the user has to is to send an SMS to a pre-designated number (9446460600).

The contents of the SMS should be the pin-code of the locality where the

doctors, hospitals, etc, need to be located.

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The National Informatics Center and the state information technology

department support the project infrastructure. The unique system has been

nominated for the National e-Governance Award 2008-09 in the health sector. The

system can give pointers to blood banks, diagnostic centers, private hospitals,

specialty centers, facilities for surgery and ventilators, and the list of

specialist doctors in the district.

And if all goes well, the facility is soon going to be available across the

state of Kerela.

The Health Beep



According to Dr A Jayathilak, district collector, Kozhikode, The objective

of this project is to provide health facilities information to the public

through SMS services, email alerts and health portals. The postal index number

has been used as the reference point for the SMS service. Based on the PIN Code,

one can get the SMS feeds of the Health facilities available in and around the

mentioned PIN code. The portal also provides a detailed list of health

facilities available in and around the Kozhikode district.

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The project has been successful in creating a central repository of health

facilities available in Kozhikode. It was started keeping in mind the massive

usability and the penetration of mobile phones in the city. This service is

mobile phone oriented and that has not only made it extremely popular but also a

useful device in case of emergencies. The fact that it is area-specific and

instantaneous has only assisted its popularity.

Says Jayathilak, The Dr SMS service is a unique attempt in the health sector

through mobile phones. The project proves that mobile telephones are a great

tool to disseminate the benefits of the digital technology, especially

considering that the mobile penetration in Kerala is over 50% and increasing as

compared to around 10% of Internet penetration. Mobile phones are more

affordable compared to broadband and therefore Dr SMS has much greater reach.

Road accident victims can use this facility to reach the hospital without

delay.

The project has been an initiative of Kerela State IT Mission. Kerala State

Information Technology Mission (KSITM) is a society registered under the

Travancore Cochin Literary Scientific and Charitable Societies Registration Act

(Act 12 of 1955). It is an autonomous nodal IT implementation agency for the

Department of Information Technology, Government of Kerala, which provides

managerial support to various initiatives of the department.

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The society acts as an interface between the industry and the government and

has been associated with various e-governance projects like IT@SCHOOL, KSWAN,

m-Governance, etc. The Dr SMS project is, like most others, totally funded by

the state government.

Beyond SMS



The Dr SMS project operates at different levels and can be availed across

various media. For instance, if you send a message with your pin-code and your

email ID, then the system automatically generates a detailed email and relays it

to your account.

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The project also incorporates a health portal. This portal provides a

Web-based information mechanism enabled via the Geographical Information System

(GIS)-based details on various health-related attributes. The health centers can

be easily located through the portal. The latitudes and longitudes of the health

facility centers are also stored in the database.

This GIS is regularly supplied with data and helps in providing an

interactive map of the health facilities available across the city. According

to Jayathilak, the assimilation and compilation of data for this system was one

of the heftiest tasks while the project was under construction.

The success of this project was highly dependent on the correctness and

timely updating of data. Finalization of data collection performa and collection

of correct data from hospitals were the main challenges, he says. But he is

also quick to give credit where its due. Very good support was received from

the district medical office, Kozhikode for finalizing the data collection

performa. Efficient services of block level field staff of NRHM, Kozhikode was

utilized for data collection. The district medical office ensured correctness of

data. Second phase data updation/collection has been already started by NRHM,

he adds.

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Achievements
  • Earlier, there was no centralized depository of health facilities in

    the district. Citizens had to check telephone directories, etc to get the

    telephone numbers and ring them to find out the facilities available in

    each hospital.
  • Now, Citizens can get the details of health facilities available in

    the District of Kozhikode through SMS.

  • User friendly and does not require any capacity building.
  • Mobile phones are relatively low cost and cost involved is negligible

    compared to the service provided to the public
  • Service will be available round the clock
  • Remote availability
  • Mobiles are simple and easy to use
  • Provide location based facilities available in hospitals on

    emergencies

Facilitating Change



Jayathilak agrees that a huge amount of change management had to be

initiated before the project was bought into existence. A good amount of

Government Process Re-engineering (GPR) was also required. But all this he says,

are part and parcel of the preliminary process for any e-governance project.

Many workflows, job designs, control mechanisms, and organizational structures

are either superfluous or obsolete, and should be completely redesigned, he

says.

Training people and integrating them into project-driven processes is another

major challenge. For this purpose, a well-equipped training center was

established at the Collectorate with a seating capacity of twenty people, for

providing periodical training programs to all the employees in this project.

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However, no user-intensive training was required given the familiarity of the

general public with the mobile devices. Only the formats of the SMS were

communicated to the public through mass media.

Technologies Utilized



The project envisages the development of spatial as well non-spatial

database using state of the art Geographical Information System (GIS) and

database and MIS Technologies. The final delivery of application is through

Health GIS System. It is to be noted that GIS is the technology and application

tool used to map the parameters of health survey and provide location-specific

status of public health infrastructure facilities and services.

Another interesting thing is that this is a system developed purely on open

source technology. The software is developed in the LAPP (Linux Apache PHP and

PostgreSQL) model. In this project, the GPRS modem is used to give the result of

the queries to the public. The gateway software, which is required for

configuring the modem for communication (Kannel software) is also an open source

tool. The cost of the setting up of this project was close to nothing.

The Impact



The Dr SMS project has got a very good response from the public. This is one

of the first initiatives in the country on the Health Information System.

According to Jayathilak, there are two main factors responsible for this effect:

one is the mobile savvy nation that we are, and our love for SMSes, and the

second is the growing concern for all issues related to health.

Jayathilaks views on e-governance projects gives us much to hope for. He

says that a widespread use of e-gov methods will ensure efficiency,

effectiveness, transparency and accountability of informational and

transactional exchanges within the government, between the government and

government agencies of national, state, municipal and local levels, citizen and

businesses, and to empower citizens through access and use of information.

E-governance not only makes tasks and functions much easier and relatively

error free, it also allows citizens to participate actively in the system. Says

Jayathilak, A concept of government to citizen to government (G2C2G), in many

ways, is opening up avenues for direct participation of individuals in the

governance processes. This model fully exploits the potential of ICT/Internet

and leverages it for greater participation, efficiency and transparency in

functioning of the government as well as savings in time and costs relating to

decision-making.

Given this favorable opinion of e-gov projects, it is hardly surprising that

Jayathilak hopes to ape this project and initiate many such projects across the

state of Kerela. He hopes to build a knowledge nation based on best e-gov

practices. We say Amen to that.

Mehak Chawla



mehakc@cybermedia.co.in

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