Digital Access Index

Like
the Network Readiness Index developed by the World Bank, the International
Telecommunication Union had developed the Digital Access Index (DAI) that ranks
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) access that countries have. The
Digital Access Index tries to distinguish itself from other indices by including
a number of new variables, such as education and affordability. It covers a
total of 178 economies.

Building the Index
The Digital Access Index is built using eight variables organized into five
categories.

High-Access Economies (0.7 and above)
Economies in this category have achieved a high level of access to digital
technologies for a majority of their inhabitants. There is sufficient
infrastructure, prices are affordable, knowledge levels are high and efforts are
being placed on enhancing quality through the provision of faster access. The
main criterion that distinguishes economies in this category is usage.

High-Access
Economies (0.7 and above)

Sweden0.85
Denmark0.83
Iceland0.82
Korea
(Rep. of)
0.82
Norway0.79
Netherlands0.79
Hong
Kong
0.79
Finland0.79
Taiwan0.79
Canada0.78
Upper-Access
Economies (0.5—0.69)
Countries
in this group have achieved an acceptable level of access for a
majority of their inhabitants. What often sets this group apart from
the high DAI group is the imbalance in a specific category. For
example, some countries in this group may have a high level of
infrastructure availability but score low in affordability.
Ireland0.69
Cyprus0.68
Estonia0.67
Spain0.67
Malta0.67
Czech
Republic
0.66
Greece0.66
Portugal0.65
United
Arab Emirates
0.64
Macao0.64
Middle-Access
Economies (0.3-0.49)
The
biggest barrier to higher levels of digital access in this group is
a shortage of infrastructure. Nations in this group are primarily
Latin American and South East Asian, along with some from Africa
(including North Africa) and the Middle East. They would benefit
from greater liberalization of their ICT markets to make them
attractive for investors.
Belarus0.49
Lebanon0.48
Thailand0.48
Romania0.48
Turkey0.48
TFYR
Macedonia
0.48
Panama0.47
Venezuela0.47
Belize0.47
St.
Vincent
0.46
China0.43
India0.32
Low-Access
Economies (0.29 and below)
Countries
in this category are the poorest in the world. They have a minimal
level of access to the information society. Their lack of digital
access is one more deprivation along with poverty and hunger and
shortages of basic human needs such as good shelter, clean water and
adequate health care. One common factor in almost all countries in
this group is relatively high access prices. In most of these
nations, an hour a day of Internet access exceeds the average daily
income.
Zimbabwe0.29
Honduras0.29
Syria0.28
Papua
New Guinea
0.26
Vanuatu0.24
Pakistan0.24
Azerbaijan0.24
S.
Tome and Principe
0.23
Tajikistan0.21
Equatorial
Guinea
0.2

The Indian Top 20 IT Companies

Installed
Base1
PCs:
9.3 million1
Notebooks:
0.21 million1
PC
Servers: 0.15 million1







Annual
Sales*
 Units*Growth
(in %)
PCs2.2
million
11
Notebooks4824750
PC
Servers
3514712
Printers1.1
million
33

Source:
CyberMedia Research/Dataquest, unless otherwise indicated
1IDC, December 2003
2ISPA, December 2003
3TRAI, January 2004
4
NASSCOM
*
As on March 2003

The Shrinking Domestic Market

The
share of the domestic market has been on the downslide thanks to
booming IT services and BPO exports. We expect the trend to continue
and the share slipping to 31% by the year 2004-05

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