Automation and the Trump administration continue to haunt India’s IT sector as there is risk of more people losing jobs. The recent jolt came from the US government’s intent to introduce changes in the existing H-1B visa regime which will not welcome computer programmers under H-1B visas. It means that the B-Tech degree holders who dream of working in the US will not be able to get a job in the US.
Why is it happening? Who is at fault? Is it an end of India’s rise in the IT sector? Hundreds of questions might arise in our mind. But we need to introspect with facts around.
The fundamental problem is not the US government which wants to reduce the influx of foreign workers into their country. The problem is inherent. It is in our system – education. In a recent study conducted by AspiringMinds, it was found that 93% of the B-Tech students are not employable. Irrespective of the numbers being so high, it is important to deliberate as to why our engineers are unemployable. The survey finds that the unemplobility is the result of two key things – inefficient/incapable teachers and the hiring process of the IT companies.
Most of the engineering colleges hire teachers who are not good enough to teach. They are the ones who never got hired for any job in any company and hence, ended up being teachers in these colleges at low salary. In such a scenario, how will the students learn the good skills?
Further, contributing to the poor engineering output is the process adopted by the IT companies during the campus hiring. Most of them do not even bother to take the coding test. Their sole criterion is the ‘aptitude test’. If the student performs well in the aptitude test, he is good to be hired. This has to urgently go, if Indian IT companies need to counter the automation challenge.
Addressing these key issues at the base level will enable Indian IT firms to gradually prepare its workforce for any challenge. The companies will be able to train, retrain and re-skill employees for any requirement from the client side.